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The state disposed on the northeastern shore of South America, on the same plateau as French Guyana and Suriname, should not be confused with its neighbors. Until 1966, the country was called British Guiana. It is washed by the Atlantic Ocean, bordered by Venezuela, Brazil and Suriname. Guyana is the only English-speaking continental country in South American continent.
This direction is still poorly understood, but the jungles of Guyana represent a genuine green paradise, rich in exceptional fauna and flora. The highest point of the country is Mount Roraima, located in the mountains of the Sierra Pakaraim and achieving 2810 m in height. The climate here is subequatorial, hot and humid. Translated from the Indian, name of the country means “the land of waters,” and in fact, the territory of Guyana is crossed by the four major rivers: Essequibo, Demerara, Corentyne and Berbice. From Essequibo originates Potaro, creating an impressive waterfall Kayetur which is 5 times higher than Niagara. Numerous rivers of Guyana flow into the Atlantic Ocean, while creating a narrow swampy coastal strip.
Guyana cannot be described as a beautiful sunny paradise, providing a holiday on white sand in the shade of coconut palms, since here basically hostile mangroves. The difficulty of accessing the line of tropical forests leaves many places unexplored.
Notwithstanding of its small size, in Guyana there are more than 20 major cities scattered all over the territory and surrounded by tropical forests. The capital of the state is Georgetown, which overlooks the Atlantic Ocean.
Initially, and before the arrival of the Europeans, the territories of the present Guyana were inhabited by Arawak Indians. By the end of the XV century, the Spaniards arrived here, but the marshy terrain with an unhealthy climate did not attract them too much. In the period between the 18th and 19th centuries, there was a struggle between Great Britain, the Netherlands and France for the right to own Guiana. By 1773, the Dutch created here three of their settlements in the estuaries of the Essequibo, Demerara and Berbice rivers, which in 1803 were captured by Britain, which officially received these lands in 1814, according to the Vienna Treaty, merging them in 1831 and calling British Guiana.
To date, the Republic of Guyana has a rich cultural heritage, represented by local artists and artisans. Here, ceramic art, the creation of baskets, textiles and wood cutting are developed.
Deeply entrenched and of great importance in the daily life tradition, are not stagnant, but on the contrary, they are dynamic and are considered the basis for new and original creations.
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