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As the third largest in terms of populace amongst the federal states of America, New York is disposed in the north-eastern part of the country. It is encircled by such states as New Jersey and Pennsylvania, Vermont, Massachusetts and Connecticut. This state has a nautical boundary with Rhode Island and also borders with Ontario and Quebec of Canada.
Typically, it is always noted as the State of New York, to differ it from New York City, which is the most crowded city in the United States, with more than 8,100,000 inhabitants, comprising approximately 40% of the populace of the entire state of New York.
New York apart of being the center of finance and culture, got its fame as a huge “floodgate” for immigration to the United States. But, despite the greatness of this city, the capital is Albany, with no more than 100,000 inhabitants, which has become the home of two major historical events – the Battle of Saratoga and the plan of the Union of Albany.
Historically the territory of New York was settled millennia ago by the first Native Americans. The first Europeans here were the French, who opened the area in 1524, and then in 1609 the Dutch settled here, who founded New Amsterdam, a significant colony for fur trade. Later New Amsterdam moved to the English, who renamed it in New York in 1664, in honor of the Duke of York.
The state assimilated its constitution in April 1777, and a powerful government with a strict division of power was created. It should be noted that in 1785 the city of New York became the capital of the state, but in 1797 the honorary title of the capital passed to Albany on an ongoing basis.
Undoubtedly, for most tourists New York is the most popular destination. And this is in fact justified preference, since New York is among the most extraordinary cities in the world. The so-called Big Apple offers many attractions and places to visit, including the Central Park West Village, the film festival, the Grimaldi pizzeria, the Empire State Building, the Center for Contemporary Art, Bergdorf Goodman and much more.
Certainly worth a visit also Buffalo, which is the second most populous city in the state after New York City. It is placed on Lake Erie, not so far from the Niagara Falls. Of course, it is not able to compete in popularity with New York, but this beautiful and clean city is very much loved by Americans because of its features.
Local attractions include the Darwin D. Martin House, the Frank Lloyd Wright Complex, the Albright-Knox Art Gallery, the Erie County Botanical Garden and much more.
The culinary feature of the city are the famous fried chicken wings in hot sauce, called Buffalo Wings.