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Located in the heart of the Mediterranean between Sicily, Tunisia and Libya, the Republic of Malta is an archipelago that in ancent times was called by the Greeks as Melita, and the Arabs referred to it as Malitah. It is a famous resort of international level, characterized by its artistic and natural beauty.
The Maltese archipelago also been named as the Archipelago Calipsee, in honor of the nymph Calypso from Homer’s Odyssey, and consists of numerous small islands and reefs, while the only inhabited ones are Malta, Gozo and Comino.
Arriving on the island of Malta, the first thing most tourists wish to do is to visit its capital of Valletta. This magnificent city is fully included in the World Heritage list. In total, on the 55 acres of land are more than 300 monuments, which ranks it among the richest in the world places of historical evidence. Will not be disappointed also the lovers of nightlife, as the town offers a variety of clubs, bars, theaters and restaurants directly on the beach. On the waterfront of the capital, which is a very trendy area, there are bars that offer live music of all types, including jazz, blues, world music and more.
Outside the city, lovers of archeology do not miss the chance to visit the site of Ghar Dalam, about a kilometer far from Birzebbuga, which is a dark cave containing ancient evidence of human settlement on Malta relating to the Neolithic period. The important role of the cave was also noted during the Second World War, as it was used as a bomb shelter and fuel storage.
Towards the center of the island, you can find the ancient city of Mdina, better known as the Silent City, surrounded by high medieval walls. Along the narrow streets are located craft workshops, stores and restaurants where you can enjoy delicious local dishes.
Moving to the south side must visit the Hypogeum of Hal Saflieni, in Paola, which is a three-tiered underground complex, built into the rock and used in ancient times as a sanctuary for the burial of the remains of the builders of temples. Also deserve special attention the megalithic temples of Malta, built on the islands of Malta and Gozo.
The capital of the island of Gozo is Rabat, or Victoria as it is called in English. There is a fortified citadel towering over the cliff, from where you can watch the splendid panorama that covers the entire island.
The least populated and more insulated from the islands is Comino, but precisely because of this, offering a magnificent untouched sceneries and the opportunity to fully enjoy the beauty of the Mediterranean.
And, of course, it should be noted in your itinerary of visits the Calypso cave where beautiful nymph captivated Ulysses for seven years, promising him an eternal life.